Converting a Pandas GroupBy output from Series to DataFrame


Question

I'm starting with input data like this

df1 = pandas.DataFrame( { 
    "Name" : ["Alice", "Bob", "Mallory", "Mallory", "Bob" , "Mallory"] , 
    "City" : ["Seattle", "Seattle", "Portland", "Seattle", "Seattle", "Portland"] } )

Which when printed appears as this:

   City     Name
0   Seattle    Alice
1   Seattle      Bob
2  Portland  Mallory
3   Seattle  Mallory
4   Seattle      Bob
5  Portland  Mallory

Grouping is simple enough:

g1 = df1.groupby( [ "Name", "City"] ).count()

and printing yields a GroupBy object:

                  City  Name
Name    City
Alice   Seattle      1     1
Bob     Seattle      2     2
Mallory Portland     2     2
        Seattle      1     1

But what I want eventually is another DataFrame object that contains all the rows in the GroupBy object. In other words I want to get the following result:

                  City  Name
Name    City
Alice   Seattle      1     1
Bob     Seattle      2     2
Mallory Portland     2     2
Mallory Seattle      1     1

I can't quite see how to accomplish this in the pandas documentation. Any hints would be welcome.

1
406
5/28/2019 3:53:24 AM

Accepted Answer

g1 here is a DataFrame. It has a hierarchical index, though:

In [19]: type(g1)
Out[19]: pandas.core.frame.DataFrame

In [20]: g1.index
Out[20]: 
MultiIndex([('Alice', 'Seattle'), ('Bob', 'Seattle'), ('Mallory', 'Portland'),
       ('Mallory', 'Seattle')], dtype=object)

Perhaps you want something like this?

In [21]: g1.add_suffix('_Count').reset_index()
Out[21]: 
      Name      City  City_Count  Name_Count
0    Alice   Seattle           1           1
1      Bob   Seattle           2           2
2  Mallory  Portland           2           2
3  Mallory   Seattle           1           1

Or something like:

In [36]: DataFrame({'count' : df1.groupby( [ "Name", "City"] ).size()}).reset_index()
Out[36]: 
      Name      City  count
0    Alice   Seattle      1
1      Bob   Seattle      2
2  Mallory  Portland      2
3  Mallory   Seattle      1
444
4/29/2012 5:50:33 PM

I want to slightly change the answer given by Wes, because version 0.16.2 requires as_index=False. If you don't set it, you get an empty dataframe.

Source:

Aggregation functions will not return the groups that you are aggregating over if they are named columns, when as_index=True, the default. The grouped columns will be the indices of the returned object.

Passing as_index=False will return the groups that you are aggregating over, if they are named columns.

Aggregating functions are ones that reduce the dimension of the returned objects, for example: mean, sum, size, count, std, var, sem, describe, first, last, nth, min, max. This is what happens when you do for example DataFrame.sum() and get back a Series.

nth can act as a reducer or a filter, see here.

import pandas as pd

df1 = pd.DataFrame({"Name":["Alice", "Bob", "Mallory", "Mallory", "Bob" , "Mallory"],
                    "City":["Seattle","Seattle","Portland","Seattle","Seattle","Portland"]})
print df1
#
#       City     Name
#0   Seattle    Alice
#1   Seattle      Bob
#2  Portland  Mallory
#3   Seattle  Mallory
#4   Seattle      Bob
#5  Portland  Mallory
#
g1 = df1.groupby(["Name", "City"], as_index=False).count()
print g1
#
#                  City  Name
#Name    City
#Alice   Seattle      1     1
#Bob     Seattle      2     2
#Mallory Portland     2     2
#        Seattle      1     1
#

EDIT:

In version 0.17.1 and later you can use subset in count and reset_index with parameter name in size:

print df1.groupby(["Name", "City"], as_index=False ).count()
#IndexError: list index out of range

print df1.groupby(["Name", "City"]).count()
#Empty DataFrame
#Columns: []
#Index: [(Alice, Seattle), (Bob, Seattle), (Mallory, Portland), (Mallory, Seattle)]

print df1.groupby(["Name", "City"])[['Name','City']].count()
#                  Name  City
#Name    City                
#Alice   Seattle      1     1
#Bob     Seattle      2     2
#Mallory Portland     2     2
#        Seattle      1     1

print df1.groupby(["Name", "City"]).size().reset_index(name='count')
#      Name      City  count
#0    Alice   Seattle      1
#1      Bob   Seattle      2
#2  Mallory  Portland      2
#3  Mallory   Seattle      1

The difference between count and size is that size counts NaN values while count does not.


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