How to fix "Attempted relative import in non-package" even with __init__.py


Question

I'm trying to follow PEP 328, with the following directory structure:

pkg/
  __init__.py
  components/
    core.py
    __init__.py
  tests/
    core_test.py
    __init__.py

In core_test.py I have the following import statement

from ..components.core import GameLoopEvents

However, when I run, I get the following error:

tests$ python core_test.py 
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "core_test.py", line 3, in <module>
    from ..components.core import GameLoopEvents
ValueError: Attempted relative import in non-package

Searching around I found "relative path not working even with __init__.py" and "Import a module from a relative path" but they didn't help.

Is there anything I'm missing here?

1
700
10/17/2018 8:59:19 PM

Accepted Answer

Yes. You're not using it as a package.

python -m pkg.tests.core_test
416
7/18/2012 8:01:04 AM

To elaborate on Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams's answer:

The Python import mechanism works relative to the __name__ of the current file. When you execute a file directly, it doesn't have its usual name, but has "__main__" as its name instead. So relative imports don't work.

You can, as Igancio suggested, execute it using the -m option. If you have a part of your package that is meant to be run as a script, you can also use the __package__ attribute to tell that file what name it's supposed to have in the package hierarchy.

See http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0366/ for details.


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