Python and Matplotlib and Annotations with Mouse Hover


Question

I am currently employing this code to have pop up annotatations on a map when i click on a point in a Basemap Matplotlib Plot.

dcc = DataCursor(self.figure.gca())
self.figure.canvas.mpl_connect('pick_event',dcc)
plot_handle.set_picker(5)
self.figure.canvas.draw()

class DataCursor(object):

    import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

    text_template = 'x: %0.2f\ny: %0.2f' 
    x, y = 0.0, 0.0 
    xoffset, yoffset = -20 , 20
    text_template = 'A: %s\nB: %s\nC: %s'


    def __init__(self, ax): 
        self.ax = ax 
        self.annotation = ax.annotate(self.text_template,  
                xy=(self.x, self.y), xytext=(0,0),
                textcoords='axes fraction', ha='left', va='bottom', fontsize=10,
                bbox=dict(boxstyle='round,pad=0.5', fc='yellow', alpha=1), 
                arrowprops=dict(arrowstyle='->', connectionstyle='arc3,rad=0') 
                ) 
        self.annotation.set_visible(False)
        self.annotation.draggable()


    def __call__(self, event):

        self.event = event 
        self.x, self.y = event.mouseevent.xdata, event.mouseevent.ydata

        if self.x is not None:
            glim = pickle.load(open("ListA.py","rb"))
            tlim = pickle.load(open("ListB.py","rb"))
            vlim = pickle.load(open("ListC.py","rb"))
            a = glim[event.ind[0]] # ['Name'][event.ind[0]]
            b = tlim[event.ind[0]]
            c = vlim[event.ind[0]]
            temp_temp=self.text_template % (a, b, c)
            if temp_temp == self.annotation.get_text() and self.annotation.get_visible(): 
                self.annotation.set_visible(False) 
                event.canvas.draw() 
                return 
            self.annotation.xy = self.x, self.y
            self.annotation.set_text(self.text_template % (a, b, c))
            self.annotation.set_visible(True)

            event.canvas.draw()

What I am wondering, is how to show the annotations using mouse hover rather than clicking on a point?

I have seen "motion_notify_event" but it seems the code gets errors when i move the mouse around the plot area. Any Thoughts?

1
6
4/27/2016 11:42:10 PM

Accepted Answer

Take a look at this question and demo :

from matplotlib.pyplot import figure, show
import numpy as npy
from numpy.random import rand


if 1: # picking on a scatter plot (matplotlib.collections.RegularPolyCollection)

    x, y, c, s = rand(4, 100)
    def onpick3(event):
        ind = event.ind
        print 'onpick3 scatter:', ind, npy.take(x, ind), npy.take(y, ind)

    fig = figure()
    ax1 = fig.add_subplot(111)
    col = ax1.scatter(x, y, 100*s, c, picker=True)
    #fig.savefig('pscoll.eps')
    fig.canvas.mpl_connect('pick_event', onpick3)

show()
8
5/23/2017 10:32:59 AM

from mpl_toolkits.basemap import Basemap
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

lat = 20.5937
lon = 78.9629
points_with_annotation = list()

#Event is set for any movement and annotations are set to visible when on points with anotation
def on_move(event):
    visibility_changed = False
    for point, annotation in points_with_annotation:
        should_be_visible = (point.contains(event)[0] == True)

        if should_be_visible != annotation.get_visible():
            visibility_changed = True
            annotation.set_visible(should_be_visible)

    if visibility_changed:        
        plt.draw()


fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.axes()

m = Basemap(projection='mill', llcrnrlat=-90, llcrnrlon=-180, urcrnrlat=90, urcrnrlon=180, resolution='c')
m.fillcontinents(color='white', lake_color='white')
m.drawcoastlines(linewidth=0.5, color='k')
m.drawcountries(linewidth=0.5, color='k')
m.drawmapboundary(fill_color='white')

xpt, ypt = m(lon,lat)
point, = m.plot(xpt, ypt, marker='o', markersize=5, alpha=0.85, visible=True)
annotation = ax.annotate("Lat: %s Lon: %s" % (lat,lon), 
    xy=(xpt, ypt), xycoords='data',
    xytext=(xpt + 1, ypt), textcoords='data',
    horizontalalignment="left",
    arrowprops=dict(arrowstyle="simple",
    connectionstyle="arc3,rad=-0.2"),
    bbox=dict(boxstyle="round", facecolor="w", 
    edgecolor="0.5", alpha=0.9)
        )


annotation.set_visible(False)
points_with_annotation.append([point, annotation])
on_move_id = fig.canvas.mpl_connect('motion_notify_event', on_move)
plt.show()

Here's the code to plot a coordinate on a map and enable a popup during hover. I got the code for the on_move event from the answer to this question : Matplotlib basemap: Popup box Hope this helps.


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