How can I check if a string represents an int, without using try/except?


Question

Is there any way to tell whether a string represents an integer (e.g., '3', '-17' but not '3.14' or 'asfasfas') Without using a try/except mechanism?

is_int('3.14') = False
is_int('-7')   = True
1
389
1/22/2018 9:33:38 AM

Accepted Answer

If you're really just annoyed at using try/excepts all over the place, please just write a helper function:

def RepresentsInt(s):
    try: 
        int(s)
        return True
    except ValueError:
        return False

>>> print RepresentsInt("+123")
True
>>> print RepresentsInt("10.0")
False

It's going to be WAY more code to exactly cover all the strings that Python considers integers. I say just be pythonic on this one.

341
8/12/2009 4:05:28 PM

with positive integers you could use .isdigit:

>>> '16'.isdigit()
True

it doesn't work with negative integers though. suppose you could try the following:

>>> s = '-17'
>>> s.startswith('-') and s[1:].isdigit()
True

it won't work with '16.0' format, which is similar to int casting in this sense.

edit:

def check_int(s):
    if s[0] in ('-', '+'):
        return s[1:].isdigit()
    return s.isdigit()

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