How to encode UTF8 filename for HTTP headers? (Python, Django)


Question

I have problem with HTTP headers, they're encoded in ASCII and I want to provided a view for downloading files that names can be non ASCII.

response['Content-Disposition'] = 'attachment; filename="%s"' % (vo.filename.encode("ASCII","replace"), )

I don't want to use static files serving for same issue with non ASCII file names but in this case there would be a problem with File system and it's file name encoding. (I don't know target os.)

I've already tried urllib.quote(), but it raises KeyError exception.

Possibly I'm doing something wrong but maybe it's impossible.

1
45
9/1/2009 10:00:31 AM

Accepted Answer

This is a FAQ.

There is no interoperable way to do this. Some browsers implement proprietary extensions (IE, Chrome), other implement RFC 2231 (Firefox, Opera).

See test cases at http://greenbytes.de/tech/tc2231/.

Update: as of November 2012, all current desktop browsers support the encoding defined in RFC 6266 and RFC 5987 (Safari >= 6, IE >= 9, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Konqueror).

36
11/20/2012 12:56:32 PM

Don't send a filename in Content-Disposition. There is no way to make non-ASCII header parameters work cross-browser(*).

Instead, send just “Content-Disposition: attachment”, and leave the filename as a URL-encoded UTF-8 string in the trailing (PATH_INFO) part of your URL, for the browser to pick up and use by default. UTF-8 URLs are handled much more reliably by browsers than anything to do with Content-Disposition.

(*: actually, there's not even a current standard that says how it should be done as the relationships between RFCs 2616, 2231 and 2047 are pretty dysfunctional, something that Julian is trying to get cleared up at a spec level. Consistent browser support is in the distant future.)


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