How to make a cross-module variable?


Question

The __debug__ variable is handy in part because it affects every module. If I want to create another variable that works the same way, how would I do it?

The variable (let's be original and call it 'foo') doesn't have to be truly global, in the sense that if I change foo in one module, it is updated in others. I'd be fine if I could set foo before importing other modules and then they would see the same value for it.

1
116
9/24/2018 10:37:47 PM

Accepted Answer

I don't endorse this solution in any way, shape or form. But if you add a variable to the __builtin__ module, it will be accessible as if a global from any other module that includes __builtin__ -- which is all of them, by default.

a.py contains

print foo

b.py contains

import __builtin__
__builtin__.foo = 1
import a

The result is that "1" is printed.

Edit: The __builtin__ module is available as the local symbol __builtins__ -- that's the reason for the discrepancy between two of these answers. Also note that __builtin__ has been renamed to builtins in python3.

108
11/10/2011 1:05:44 PM

If you need a global cross-module variable maybe just simple global module-level variable will suffice.

a.py:

var = 1

b.py:

import a
print a.var
import c
print a.var

c.py:

import a
a.var = 2

Test:

$ python b.py
# -> 1 2

Real-world example: Django's global_settings.py (though in Django apps settings are used by importing the object django.conf.settings).


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