Python Git Module experiences?


What are people's experiences with any of the Git modules for Python? (I know of GitPython, PyGit, and Dulwich - feel free to mention others if you know of them.)

I am writing a program which will have to interact (add, delete, commit) with a Git repository, but have no experience with Git, so one of the things I'm looking for is ease of use/understanding with regards to Git.

The other things I'm primarily interested in are maturity and completeness of the library, a reasonable lack of bugs, continued development, and helpfulness of the documentation and developers.

If you think of something else I might want/need to know, please feel free to mention it.

8/8/2013 4:19:17 PM

Accepted Answer

I thought I would answer my own question, since I'm taking a different path than suggested in the answers. Nonetheless, thanks to those who answered.

First, a brief synopsis of my experiences with GitPython, PyGit, and Dulwich:

  • GitPython: After downloading, I got this imported and the appropriate object initialized. However, trying to do what was suggested in the tutorial led to errors. Lacking more documentation, I turned elsewhere.
  • PyGit: This would not even import, and I could find no documentation.
  • Dulwich: Seems to be the most promising (at least for what I wanted and saw). I made some progress with it, more than with GitPython, since its egg comes with Python source. However, after a while, I decided it may just be easier to try what I did.

Also, StGit looks interesting, but I would need the functionality extracted into a separate module and do not want wait for that to happen right now.

In (much) less time than I spent trying to get the three modules above working, I managed to get git commands working via the subprocess module, e.g.

def gitAdd(fileName, repoDir):
    cmd = ['git', 'add', fileName]
    p = subprocess.Popen(cmd, cwd=repoDir)

gitAdd('exampleFile.txt', '/usr/local/example_git_repo_dir')

This isn't fully incorporated into my program yet, but I'm not anticipating a problem, except maybe speed (since I'll be processing hundreds or even thousands of files at times).

Maybe I just didn't have the patience to get things going with Dulwich or GitPython. That said, I'm hopeful the modules will get more development and be more useful soon.

12/24/2016 8:28:12 PM

While this question was asked a while ago and I don't know the state of the libraries at that point, it is worth mentioning for searchers that GitPython does a good job of abstracting the command line tools so that you don't need to use subprocess. There are some useful built in abstractions that you can use, but for everything else you can do things like:

import git
repo = git.Repo( '/home/me/repodir' )
print repo.git.status()
# checkout and track a remote branch
print repo.git.checkout( 'origin/somebranch', b='somebranch' )
# add a file
print repo.git.add( 'somefile' )
# commit
print repo.git.commit( m='my commit message' )
# now we are one commit ahead
print repo.git.status()

Everything else in GitPython just makes it easier to navigate. I'm fairly well satisfied with this library and appreciate that it is a wrapper on the underlying git tools.

UPDATE: I've switched to using the sh module for not just git but most commandline utilities I need in python. To replicate the above I would do this instead:

import sh
git = sh.git.bake(_cwd='/home/me/repodir')
print git.status()
# checkout and track a remote branch
print git.checkout('-b', 'somebranch')
# add a file
print git.add('somefile')
# commit
print git.commit(m='my commit message')
# now we are one commit ahead
print git.status()

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