How to state in requirements.txt a direct github source


Question

I've installed a library using the command

pip install git+git://github.com/mozilla/elasticutils.git

which installs it directly from a Github repository. This works fine and I want to have that dependency in my requirements.txt. I've looked at other tickets like this but that didn't solve my problem. If I put something like

-f git+git://github.com/mozilla/elasticutils.git
elasticutils==0.7.dev

in the requirements.txt file, a pip install -r requirements.txt results in the following output:

Downloading/unpacking elasticutils==0.7.dev (from -r requirements.txt (line 20))
  Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement elasticutils==0.7.dev (from -r requirements.txt (line 20)) (from versions: )
No distributions matching the version for elasticutils==0.7.dev (from -r requirements.txt (line 20))

The documentation of the requirements file does not mention links using the git+git protocol specifier, so maybe this is just not supported.

Does anybody have a solution for my problem?

1
350
5/23/2017 11:47:25 AM

Accepted Answer

“Editable” packages syntax can be used in requirements.txt to import packages from a variety of VCS (git, hg, bzr, svn):

-e git://github.com/mozilla/elasticutils.git#egg=elasticutils

Also, it is possible to point to particular commit:

-e git://github.com/mozilla/elasticutils.git@000b14389171a9f0d7d713466b32bc649b0bed8e#egg=elasticutils
272
1/6/2015 10:15:13 PM

Normally your requirements.txt file would look something like this:

package-one==1.9.4
package-two==3.7.1
package-three==1.0.1
...

To specify a Github repo, you do not need the package-name== convention.

The examples below update package-two using a GitHub repo. The text between @ and # denotes the specifics of the package.

Specify commit hash (41b95ec in the context of updated requirements.txt):

package-one==1.9.4
git+git://github.com/path/to/package-two@41b95ec#egg=package-two
package-three==1.0.1

Specify branch name (master):

git+git://github.com/path/to/package-two@master#egg=package-two

Specify tag (0.1):

git+git://github.com/path/to/package-two@0.1#egg=package-two

Specify release (3.7.1):

git+git://github.com/path/to/package-two@releases/tag/v3.7.1#egg=package-two

Note that #egg=package-two is not a comment here, it is to explicitly state the package name

This blog post has some more discussion on the topic.


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