Converting Dictionary to List?


Question

Possible Duplicate:
How can I convert a Python dictionary to a list of tuples?

I'm trying to convert a Python dictionary into a Python list, in order to perform some calculations.

#My dictionary
dict = {}
dict['Capital']="London"
dict['Food']="Fish&Chips"
dict['2012']="Olympics"

#lists
temp = []
dictList = []

#My attempt:
for key, value in dict.iteritems():
    aKey = key
    aValue = value
    temp.append(aKey)
    temp.append(aValue)
    dictList.append(temp) 
    aKey = ""
    aValue = ""

That's my attempt at it... but I can't work out what's wrong?

1
169
6/29/2019 6:20:21 PM

Accepted Answer

Your problem is that you have key and value in quotes making them strings, i.e. you're setting aKey to contain the string "key" and not the value of the variable key. Also, you're not clearing out the temp list, so you're adding to it each time, instead of just having two items in it.

To fix your code, try something like:

for key, value in dict.iteritems():
    temp = [key,value]
    dictlist.append(temp)

You don't need to copy the loop variables key and value into another variable before using them so I dropped them out. Similarly, you don't need to use append to build up a list, you can just specify it between square brackets as shown above. And we could have done dictlist.append([key,value]) if we wanted to be as brief as possible.

Or just use dict.items() as has been suggested.

130
11/5/2009 9:44:03 AM

dict.items()

Does the trick.


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