Why do I get a pymongo.cursor.Cursor when trying to query my mongodb db via pymongo?


Question

I have consumed a bunch of tweets in a mongodb database. I would like to query these tweets using pymongo. For example, I would like to query for screen_name. However, when I try to do this, python does not return a tweet but a message about pymongo.cursor.Cursor. Here is my code:

import sys
import pymongo
from pymongo import Connection
connection = Connection()
db = connection.test
tweets = db.tweets
list(tweets.find())[:1]

I get a JSON, which looks like this:

{u'_id': ObjectId('51c8878fadb68a0b96c6ebf1'),
 u'contributors': None,
 u'coordinates': {u'coordinates': [-75.24692983, 43.06183036],
  u'type': u'Point'},
 u'created_at': u'Mon Jun 24 17:53:19 +0000 2013',
 u'entities': {u'hashtags': [],
  u'symbols': [],
  u'urls': [],
  u'user_mentions': []},
 u'favorite_count': 0,
 u'favorited': False,
 u'filter_level': u'medium',
 u'geo': {u'coordinates': [43.06183036, -75.24692983], u'type': u'Point'},
 u'id': 349223725943623680L,
 u'id_str': u'349223725943623680',
 u'in_reply_to_screen_name': None,
 u'in_reply_to_status_id': None,
 u'in_reply_to_status_id_str': None,
 u'in_reply_to_user_id': None,
 u'in_reply_to_user_id_str': None,
 u'lang': u'en',
 u'place': {u'attributes': {},
  u'bounding_box': {u'coordinates': [[[-79.76259, 40.477399],
     [-79.76259, 45.015865],
     [-71.777491, 45.015865],
     [-71.777491, 40.477399]]],
   u'type': u'Polygon'},
  u'country': u'United States',
  u'country_code': u'US',
  u'full_name': u'New York, US',
  u'id': u'94965b2c45386f87',
  u'name': u'New York',
  u'place_type': u'admin',
  u'url': u'http://api.twitter.com/1/geo/id/94965b2c45386f87.json'},
 u'retweet_count': 0,
 u'retweeted': False,
 u'source': u'<a href="http://twitter.com/download/iphone" rel="nofollow">Twitter for iPhone</a>',
 u'text': u'Currently having a heat stroke',
 u'truncated': False,
 u'user': {u'contributors_enabled': False,
  u'created_at': u'Fri Oct 28 02:04:05 +0000 2011',
  u'default_profile': False,
  u'default_profile_image': False,
  u'description': u'young and so mischievious',
  u'favourites_count': 1798,
  u'follow_request_sent': None,
  u'followers_count': 368,
  u'following': None,
  u'friends_count': 335,
  u'geo_enabled': True,
  u'id': 399801173,
  u'id_str': u'399801173',
  u'is_translator': False,
  u'lang': u'en',
  u'listed_count': 0,
  u'location': u'Upstate New York',
  u'name': u'Joe Catanzarita',
  u'notifications': None,
  u'profile_background_color': u'D6640D',
  u'profile_background_image_url':           u'http://a0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/702001815/f87508e73bbfab8c8c85ebe10b29fcf6.png',
  u'profile_background_image_url_https':     u'https://si0.twimg.com/profile_background_images/702001815/f87508e73bbfab8c8c85ebe10b29fcf6.png',
  u'profile_background_tile': True,
  u'profile_banner_url': u'https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_banners/399801173/1367200323',
  u'profile_image_url':     u'http://a0.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000012256721/d8b5f801fb331de6ead4aed42dc77a46_normal.jpeg',
  u'profile_image_url_https':   u'https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/378800000012256721/d8b5f801fb331de6ead4aed42dc77a46_normal.jpeg'    ,
  u'profile_link_color': u'140DE0',
  u'profile_sidebar_border_color': u'FFFFFF',
  u'profile_sidebar_fill_color': u'E0F5A6',
  u'profile_text_color': u'120212',
  u'profile_use_background_image': True,
  u'protected': False,
  u'screen_name': u'JoeCatanzarita',
  u'statuses_count': 6402,
  u'time_zone': u'Quito',
  u'url': None,
  u'utc_offset': -18000,
  u'verified': False}}

However, when I try to query for this screen_name, I get:

tweets.find({"screen_name": "JoeCatanzarita"})
<pymongo.cursor.Cursor at 0x52c02f0>

And when I then try to count the number of tweets which have "screen_name": "name", I get:

tweets.find({"screen_name": "name"}).count()
0

Any idea what I am doing wrong/how I can get pymongo to return the tweets I am looking for?

Thanks!

1
4
7/10/2013 4:25:09 PM

Accepted Answer

Ok now I see what's your problem:

If you look carefully into your document you will notice that "screen_name" is inside the subdocument user, so if you want to acess it all you have to do is the following:

tweets.find({"user.screen_name": "JoeCatanzarita"})  #for example.

Whenever you are in a situation where the element you are trying to find is inside a subdocument like in this situation or inside an array always use this syntax.

1
7/15/2013 1:53:18 PM

PyMongo's find() method returns a Cursor. To actually execute the query on the server and retrieve results, iterate the cursor with list or a for loop:

for doc in tweets.find({'screen_name': 'name'}):
    print(doc)

# Or:
docs = list(tweets.find({'screen_name': 'name'}))

If tweets.find({"screen_name": "name"}).count() returns 0, it means no documents match your query.

Edit: now that you've posted an example document, I see you want to query like:

list(tweets.find({'user.screen_name': 'name'}))

... since the screen_name field is embedded in the user sub-document.


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