How can I convert JSON to CSV?


Question

I have a JSON file that I want to covert to a CSV file. How can I do this with Python?

I tried:

import json
import csv

f = open('data.json')
data = json.load(f)
f.close()
f = open('data.csv')
csv_file = csv.writer(f)
for item in data:
    f.writerow(item)

f.close()

However, it did not work. I am using Django and the error I received is:

file' object has no attribute 'writerow'

So, then I tried the following:

import json
import csv

f = open('data.json')
data = json.load(f)
f.close()

f = open('data.csv')
csv_file = csv.writer(f)
for item in data:
    csv_file.writerow(item)

f.close()

I then get the error:

sequence expected

Sample json file:

[
  {
    "pk": 22,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "fields": {
      "codename": "add_logentry",
      "name": "Can add log entry",
      "content_type": 8
    }
  },
  {
    "pk": 23,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "fields": {
      "codename": "change_logentry",
      "name": "Can change log entry",
      "content_type": 8
    }
  },
  {
    "pk": 24,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "fields": {
      "codename": "delete_logentry",
      "name": "Can delete log entry",
      "content_type": 8
    }
  },
  {
    "pk": 4,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "fields": {
      "codename": "add_group",
      "name": "Can add group",
      "content_type": 2
    }
  },
  {
    "pk": 10,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "fields": {
      "codename": "add_message",
      "name": "Can add message",
      "content_type": 4
    }
  }
]
1
150
9/27/2016 11:46:47 AM

I am not sure this question is solved already or not, but let me paste what I have done for reference.

First, your JSON has nested objects, so it normally cannot be directly converted to CSV. You need to change that to something like this:

{
    "pk": 22,
    "model": "auth.permission",
    "codename": "add_logentry",
    "content_type": 8,
    "name": "Can add log entry"
},
......]

Here is my code to generate CSV from that:

import csv
import json

x = """[
    {
        "pk": 22,
        "model": "auth.permission",
        "fields": {
            "codename": "add_logentry",
            "name": "Can add log entry",
            "content_type": 8
        }
    },
    {
        "pk": 23,
        "model": "auth.permission",
        "fields": {
            "codename": "change_logentry",
            "name": "Can change log entry",
            "content_type": 8
        }
    },
    {
        "pk": 24,
        "model": "auth.permission",
        "fields": {
            "codename": "delete_logentry",
            "name": "Can delete log entry",
            "content_type": 8
        }
    }
]"""

x = json.loads(x)

f = csv.writer(open("test.csv", "wb+"))

# Write CSV Header, If you dont need that, remove this line
f.writerow(["pk", "model", "codename", "name", "content_type"])

for x in x:
    f.writerow([x["pk"],
                x["model"],
                x["fields"]["codename"],
                x["fields"]["name"],
                x["fields"]["content_type"]])

You will get output as:

pk,model,codename,name,content_type
22,auth.permission,add_logentry,Can add log entry,8
23,auth.permission,change_logentry,Can change log entry,8
24,auth.permission,delete_logentry,Can delete log entry,8
112
9/27/2016 12:04:55 PM

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