embedding short python scripts inside a bash script


Question

I'd like to embed the text of short python scripts inside of a bash script, for use in say, my .bash_profile. What's the best way to go about doing such a thing?

The solution I have so far is to call the python interpreter with the -c option, and tell the interpreter to exec whatever it reads from stdin. From there, I can build simple tools like the following, allowing me to process text for use in my interactive prompt:

function pyexec() {
    echo "$(/usr/bin/python -c 'import sys; exec sys.stdin.read()')"
}

function traildirs() {
    pyexec <<END
trail=int('${1:-3}')
import os
home = os.path.abspath(os.environ['HOME'])
cwd = os.environ['PWD']
if cwd.startswith(home):
    cwd = cwd.replace(home, '~', 1)
parts = cwd.split('/')
joined = os.path.join(*parts[-trail:])
if len(parts) <= trail and not joined.startswith('~'):
    joined = '/'+joined
print joined
END
}

export PS1="\h [\$(traildirs 2)] % "

This approach smells slightly funny to me though, and I'm wondering what alternatives to doing it this way might be.

My bash scripting skills are pretty rudimentary, so I'm particularly interested to hear if I'm doing something silly from the bash interpreter's perspective.

1
49
2/3/2010 1:36:41 AM

Accepted Answer

The python interpreter accepts - on the command line as a synonym for stdin so you can replace the calls to pyexec with:

python - <<END

See command line reference here.

32
2/3/2010 1:45:24 AM

Why should you need to use -c? This works for me:

python << END
... code ...
END

without needing anything extra.


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