How do you round UP a number in Python?


Question

This problem is killing me. How does one roundup a number UP in Python?

I tried round(number) but it round the number down. Example:

round(2.3) = 2.0 and not 3, what I would like

The I tried int(number + .5) but it round the number down again! Example:

int(2.3 + .5) = 2

Then I tried round(number + .5) but it won't work in edge cases. Example:

WAIT! THIS WORKED!

Please advise.

1
415
2/24/2018 4:51:52 AM

Accepted Answer

The ceil (ceiling) function:

import math
print(math.ceil(4.2))
755
2/26/2018 9:17:18 AM

Interesting Python 2.x issue to keep in mind:

>>> import math
>>> math.ceil(4500/1000)
4.0
>>> math.ceil(4500/1000.0)
5.0

The problem is that dividing two ints in python produces another int and that's truncated before the ceiling call. You have to make one value a float (or cast) to get a correct result.

In javascript, the exact same code produces a different result:

console.log(Math.ceil(4500/1000));
5

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