cx_Oracle doesn't connect when using SID instead of service name on connection string


Question

I have a connection string that looks like this

con_str = "myuser/mypass@oracle.sub.example.com:1521/ora1"

Where ora1 is the SID of my database. Using this information in SQL Developer works fine, meaning that I can connect and query without problems.

However, if I attempt to connect to Oracle using this string, it fails.

cx_Oracle.connect(con_str)

DatabaseError:  ORA-12514:  TNS:listener  does  not  currently  know  of  service  requested  in  connect  descriptor

This connection string format works if the ora1 is a service name, though.

I have seen other questions that seem to have the reverse of my problem (it works with SID, but not Service name)

What is the proper way to connect to Oracle, using cx_Oracle, using an SID and not a service name? How do I do this without the need to adjust the TNSNAMES.ORA file? My application is distributed to many users internally and making changes to the TNSNAMES file is less than ideal when dealing with users without administrator privileges on their Windows machines. Additionally, when I use service name, I don't need to touch this file at all and would like it keep it that way.

1
29
5/23/2017 12:02:42 PM

Accepted Answer

I a similar scenario, I was able to connect to the database by using cx_Oracle.makedsn() to create a dsn string with a given SID (instead of the service name):

dsnStr = cx_Oracle.makedsn("oracle.sub.example.com", "1521", "ora1")

This returns something like

(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=oracle.sub.example.com)(PORT=1521)))(CONNECT_DATA=(SID=ora1)))

which can then be used with cx_Oracle.connect() to connect to the database:

con = cx_Oracle.connect(user="myuser", password="mypass", dsn=dsnStr)
print con.version
con.close()
47
9/22/2014 10:14:57 AM

For those looking for how to specify service_name instead of SID.

From changelog for SQLAlchemy 1.0.0b1 (released on March 13, 2015):

[oracle] [feature] Added support for cx_oracle connections to a specific service name, as opposed to a tns name, by passing ?service_name=<name> to the URL. Pull request courtesy SÅ‚awomir Ehlert.

The change introduces new, Oracle dialect specific option service_name which can be used to build connect string like this:

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from sqlalchemy.engine import url

connect_url = url.URL(
    'oracle+cx_oracle',
    username='some_username',
    password='some_password',
    host='some_host',
    port='some_port',
    query=dict(service_name='some_oracle_service_name'))

engine = create_engine(connect_url)

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