Creating a JSON response using Django and Python


Question

I'm trying to convert a server side Ajax response script into a Django HttpResponse, but apparently it's not working.

This is the server-side script:

/* RECEIVE VALUE */
$validateValue=$_POST['validateValue'];
$validateId=$_POST['validateId'];
$validateError=$_POST['validateError'];

/* RETURN VALUE */
$arrayToJs = array();
$arrayToJs[0] = $validateId;
$arrayToJs[1] = $validateError;

if($validateValue =="Testuser"){  // Validate??
    $arrayToJs[2] = "true";       // RETURN TRUE
    echo '{"jsonValidateReturn":'.json_encode($arrayToJs).'}';  // RETURN ARRAY WITH success
}
else{
    for($x=0;$x<1000000;$x++){
        if($x == 990000){
            $arrayToJs[2] = "false";
            echo '{"jsonValidateReturn":'.json_encode($arrayToJs).'}';   // RETURNS ARRAY WITH ERROR.
        }
    }
}

And this is the converted code

def validate_user(request):
    if request.method == 'POST':
        vld_value = request.POST.get('validateValue')
        vld_id = request.POST.get('validateId')
        vld_error = request.POST.get('validateError')

        array_to_js = [vld_id, vld_error, False]

        if vld_value == "TestUser":
            array_to_js[2] = True
            x = simplejson.dumps(array_to_js)
            return HttpResponse(x)
        else:
            array_to_js[2] = False
            x = simplejson.dumps(array_to_js)
            error = 'Error'
            return render_to_response('index.html',{'error':error},context_instance=RequestContext(request))
    return render_to_response('index.html',context_instance=RequestContext(request))

I'm using simplejson to encode the Python list (so it will return a JSON array). I couldn't figure out the problem yet. But I think that I did something wrong about the 'echo'.

1
422
6/24/2012 10:16:13 AM

Accepted Answer

I usually use a dictionary, not a list to return JSON content.

import json

from django.http import HttpResponse

response_data = {}
response_data['result'] = 'error'
response_data['message'] = 'Some error message'

Pre-Django 1.7 you'd return it like this:

return HttpResponse(json.dumps(response_data), content_type="application/json")

For Django 1.7+, use JsonResponse as shown in this SO answer like so :

from django.http import JsonResponse
return JsonResponse({'foo':'bar'})
867
5/23/2017 10:31:36 AM

New in django 1.7

you could use JsonResponse objects.

from the docs:

from django.http import JsonResponse
return JsonResponse({'foo':'bar'})

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