Getting the index of the returned max or min item using max()/min() on a list


Question

I'm using Python's max and min functions on lists for a minimax algorithm, and I need the index of the value returned by max() or min(). In other words, I need to know which move produced the max (at a first player's turn) or min (second player) value.

for i in range(9):
    newBoard = currentBoard.newBoardWithMove([i / 3, i % 3], player)

    if newBoard:
        temp = minMax(newBoard, depth + 1, not isMinLevel)  
        values.append(temp)

if isMinLevel:
    return min(values)
else:
    return max(values)

I need to be able to return the actual index of the min or max value, not just the value.

1
366
10/12/2018 2:59:59 PM

Accepted Answer

if isMinLevel:
    return values.index(min(values))
else:
    return values.index(max(values))
311
10/27/2013 8:10:51 PM

Say that you have a list values = [3,6,1,5], and need the index of the smallest element, i.e. index_min = 2 in this case.

Avoid the solution with itemgetter() presented in the other answers, and use instead

index_min = min(xrange(len(values)), key=values.__getitem__)

because it doesn't require to import operator nor to use enumerate, and it is always faster(benchmark below) than a solution using itemgetter().

If you are dealing with numpy arrays or can afford numpy as a dependency, consider also using

import numpy as np
index_min = np.argmin(values)

This will be faster than the first solution even if you apply it to a pure Python list if:

  • it is larger than a few elements (about 2**4 elements on my machine)
  • you can afford the memory copy from a pure list to a numpy array

as this benchmark points out: enter image description here

I have run the benchmark on my machine with python 2.7 for the two solutions above (blue: pure python, first solution) (red, numpy solution) and for the standard solution based on itemgetter() (black, reference solution). The same benchmark with python 3.5 showed that the methods compare exactly the same of the python 2.7 case presented above


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