OpenCV Python Video playback - How to set the right delay for cv2.waitKey()


Question

I used the following code to capture a video file, flip it and save it.

#To save a Video File

import numpy as np
import cv2

cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

# Define the codec and create VideoWriter object
fourcc = cv2.cv.CV_FOURCC(*'XVID')
out = cv2.VideoWriter('output.avi',fourcc, 20.0, (640,480))

while(cap.isOpened()):
    ret, frame = cap.read()
    if ret==True:
        frame = cv2.flip(frame,0)

        # write the flipped frame
        out.write(frame)

        cv2.imshow('frame',frame)
        if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord('q'):
            break
    else:
        break

# Release everything if job is finished
cap.release()
out.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

This program saves the output as output.avi

Now, to playback the video file I used the following program

#Playing Video from File

import numpy as np
import cv2

cap = cv2.VideoCapture('output.avi')

print cap.get(5) #to display frame rate of video
#print cap.get(cv2.cv.CV_CAP_PROP_FPS)

while(cap.isOpened()): 
    ret, frame = cap.read()

    gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY) #convert to grayscale

    cv2.imshow('frame',gray)
    if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord('q'): 
        break

cap.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

This program plays the video file output.avi saved from the first program. The thing is, this video appears fast forward. So, I tried changing the delay value for cv2.waitKey(). The video looked fine when I put 100. How do I know which value to put there? Should it be related to the frame rate? I checked the frame rate of output.avi (see line cap.get(5) in second program) and got 20. But if I use 20 as delay for cv2.waitKey() the video is still too fast.

Any help would be appreciated.

1
3
8/7/2014 12:14:38 PM

Accepted Answer

The function waitKey() waits for a key event infinitely (when delay <= 0) or for delay milliseconds, when it is positive.

If the FPS is equal to 20, then you should wait 0,05 seconds between the consecutive frames. So put waitKey(50) after imshow() and it will be displayed at normal speed.

7
8/7/2014 1:50:22 PM

put waitKey(60) after imshow() and it will be displayed at normal speed.


Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon