How do I resize an image using PIL and maintain its aspect ratio?


Question

Is there an obvious way to do this that I'm missing? I'm just trying to make thumbnails.

1
373
11/7/2008 11:41:56 PM

Accepted Answer

Define a maximum size. Then, compute a resize ratio by taking min(maxwidth/width, maxheight/height).

The proper size is oldsize*ratio.

There is of course also a library method to do this: the method Image.thumbnail.
Below is an (edited) example from the PIL documentation.

import os, sys
import Image

size = 128, 128

for infile in sys.argv[1:]:
    outfile = os.path.splitext(infile)[0] + ".thumbnail"
    if infile != outfile:
        try:
            im = Image.open(infile)
            im.thumbnail(size, Image.ANTIALIAS)
            im.save(outfile, "JPEG")
        except IOError:
            print "cannot create thumbnail for '%s'" % infile
426
8/11/2013 6:46:28 PM

This script will resize an image (somepic.jpg) using PIL (Python Imaging Library) to a width of 300 pixels and a height proportional to the new width. It does this by determining what percentage 300 pixels is of the original width (img.size[0]) and then multiplying the original height (img.size[1]) by that percentage. Change "basewidth" to any other number to change the default width of your images.

from PIL import Image

basewidth = 300
img = Image.open('somepic.jpg')
wpercent = (basewidth/float(img.size[0]))
hsize = int((float(img.size[1])*float(wpercent)))
img = img.resize((basewidth,hsize), Image.ANTIALIAS)
img.save('sompic.jpg') 

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