Auto-register class methods using decorator


Question

I want to be able to create a python decorator that automatically "registers" class methods in a global repository (with some properties).

Example code:

class my_class(object):

    @register(prop1,prop2)
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       # method code here...

    @register(prop3,prop4)
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       # method code here...

I want that when loading is done, somewhere there will be a dict containing:

{ "my_class.my_method"       : ( prop1, prop2 )
  "my_class.my_other_method" : ( prop3, prop4 ) }

Is this possible?

1
17
9/1/2011 6:09:07 AM

Accepted Answer

Not with just a decorator, no. But a metaclass can automatically work with a class after its been created. If your register decorator just makes notes about what the metaclass should do, you can do the following:

registry = {}

class RegisteringType(type):
    def __init__(cls, name, bases, attrs):
        for key, val in attrs.iteritems():
            properties = getattr(val, 'register', None)
            if properties is not None:
                registry['%s.%s' % (name, key)] = properties

def register(*args):
    def decorator(f):
        f.register = tuple(args)
        return f
    return decorator

class MyClass(object):
    __metaclass__ = RegisteringType
    @register('prop1','prop2')
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

    @register('prop3','prop4')
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

print registry

printing

{'MyClass.my_other_method': ('prop3', 'prop4'), 'MyClass.my_method': ('prop1', 'prop2')}
17
6/16/2010 3:00:52 PM

Here's a little love for class decorators. I think the syntax is slightly simpler than that required for metaclasses.

def class_register(cls):
    cls._propdict = {}
    for methodname in dir(cls):
        method = getattr(cls, methodname)
        if hasattr(method, '_prop'):
            cls._propdict.update(
                {cls.__name__ + '.' + methodname: method._prop})
    return cls


def register(*args):
    def wrapper(func):
        func._prop = args
        return func
    return wrapper


@class_register
class MyClass(object):

    @register('prop1', 'prop2')
    def my_method(self, arg1, arg2):
        pass

    @register('prop3', 'prop4')
    def my_other_method(self, arg1, arg2):
        pass

myclass = MyClass()
print(myclass._propdict)
# {'MyClass.my_other_method': ('prop3', 'prop4'), 'MyClass.my_method': ('prop1', 'prop2')}

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