Numpy array dimensions


I'm currently trying to learn Numpy and Python. Given the following array:

import numpy as np
a = np.array([[1,2],[1,2]])

Is there a function that returns the dimensions of a (e.g.a is a 2 by 2 array)?

size() returns 4 and that doesn't help very much.

12/21/2018 3:43:19 AM

Accepted Answer

It is .shape:

Tuple of array dimensions.


>>> a.shape
(2, 2)
6/17/2010 12:59:46 PM


By convention, in Python world, the shortcut for numpy is np, so:

In [1]: import numpy as np

In [2]: a = np.array([[1,2],[3,4]])


In Numpy, dimension, axis/axes, shape are related and sometimes similar concepts:


In Mathematics/Physics, dimension or dimensionality is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within a space. But in Numpy, according to the numpy doc, it's the same as axis/axes:

In Numpy dimensions are called axes. The number of axes is rank.

In [3]: a.ndim  # num of dimensions/axes, *Mathematics definition of dimension*
Out[3]: 2


the nth coordinate to index an array in Numpy. And multidimensional arrays can have one index per axis.

In [4]: a[1,0]  # to index `a`, we specific 1 at the first axis and 0 at the second axis.
Out[4]: 3  # which results in 3 (locate at the row 1 and column 0, 0-based index)


describes how many data (or the range) along each available axis.

In [5]: a.shape
Out[5]: (2, 2)  # both the first and second axis have 2 (columns/rows/pages/blocks/...) data

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