OperationalError: database is locked


Question

I have made some repetitive operations in my application (testing it), and suddenly I’m getting a weird error:

OperationalError: database is locked

I've restarted the server, but the error persists. What can it be all about?

1
40
10/25/2014 1:26:26 AM

Accepted Answer

From django doc:

SQLite is meant to be a lightweight database, and thus can't support a high level of concurrency. OperationalError: database is locked errors indicate that your application is experiencing more concurrency than sqlite can handle in default configuration. This error means that one thread or process has an exclusive lock on the database connection and another thread timed out waiting for the lock the be released.

Python's SQLite wrapper has a default timeout value that determines how long the second thread is allowed to wait on the lock before it times out and raises the OperationalError: database is locked error.

If you're getting this error, you can solve it by:

Switching to another database backend. At a certain point SQLite becomes too "lite" for real-world applications, and these sorts of concurrency errors indicate you've reached that point.

Rewriting your code to reduce concurrency and ensure that database transactions are short-lived.

Increase the default timeout value by setting the timeout database option optionoption

http://docs.djangoproject.com/en/dev/ref/databases/#database-is-locked-errorsoption

59
7/3/2010 9:33:56 PM

The practical reason for this is often that the python or django shells have opened a request to the DB and it wasn't closed properly; killing your terminal access often frees it up. I had this error on running command line tests today.

Edit: I get periodic upvotes on this. If you'd like to kill access without rebooting the terminal, then from commandline you can do:

from django import db
db.connections.close_all()

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