How to validate IP address in Python?


Question

What's the best way to validate that an IP entered by the user is valid? It comes in as a string.

1
147
11/25/2008 11:42:01 PM

Accepted Answer

It looks like you are trying to validate IP addresses. A regular expression is probably not the best tool for this.

If you want to accept all valid IP addresses (including some addresses that you probably didn't even know were valid) then you can use IPy (Source):

from IPy import IP
IP('127.0.0.1')

If the IP address is invalid it will throw an exception.

Or you could use socket (Source):

import socket
try:
    socket.inet_aton(addr)
    # legal
except socket.error:
    # Not legal

If you really want to only match IPv4 with 4 decimal parts then you can split on dot and test that each part is an integer between 0 and 255.

def validate_ip(s):
    a = s.split('.')
    if len(a) != 4:
        return False
    for x in a:
        if not x.isdigit():
            return False
        i = int(x)
        if i < 0 or i > 255:
            return False
    return True

Note that your regular expression doesn't do this extra check. It would accept 999.999.999.999 as a valid address.

74
5/23/2017 10:31:17 AM

If you use Python3, you can use ipaddress module http://docs.python.org/py3k/library/ipaddress.html. Example:

>>> import ipaddress

>>> ipv6 = "2001:0db8:0a0b:12f0:0000:0000:0000:0001"
>>> ipv4 = "192.168.2.10"
>>> ipv4invalid = "266.255.9.10"
>>> str = "Tay Tay"

>>> ipaddress.ip_address(ipv6)
IPv6Address('2001:db8:a0b:12f0::1')

>>> ipaddress.ip_address(ipv4)
IPv4Address('192.168.2.10')

>>> ipaddress.ip_address(ipv4invalid)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<console>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/usr/lib/python3.4/ipaddress.py", line 54, in ip_address
    address)
ValueError: '266.255.9.10' does not appear to be an IPv4 or IPv6 address

>>> ipaddress.ip_address(str)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<console>", line 1, in <module>
  File "/usr/lib/python3.4/ipaddress.py", line 54, in ip_address
    address)
ValueError: 'Tay Tay' does not appear to be an IPv4 or IPv6 address

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