Cron and virtualenv


Question

I am trying to run a Django management command from cron. I am using virtualenv to keep my project sandboxed.

I have seen examples here and elsewhere that show running management commands from within virtualenv's like:

0 3 * * * source /home/user/project/env/bin/activate && /home/user/project/manage.py command arg

However, even though syslog shows an entry when the task should have started, this task never actually runs (the log file for the script is empty). If I run the line manually from the shell, it works as expected.

The only way I can currently get the command to run via cron, is to break the commands up and put them in a dumb bash wrapper script:

#!/bin/sh
source /home/user/project/env/bin/activate
cd /home/user/project/
./manage.py command arg

EDIT:

ars came up with a working combination of commands:

0 3 * * * cd /home/user/project && /home/user/project/env/bin/python /home/user/project/manage.py command arg

At least in my case, invoking the activate script for the virtualenv did nothing. This works, so on with the show.

1
203
1/29/2018 12:40:16 AM

Accepted Answer

You should be able to do this by using the python in your virtual environment:

/home/my/virtual/bin/python /home/my/project/manage.py command arg

EDIT: If your django project isn't in the PYTHONPATH, then you'll need to switch to the right directory:

cd /home/my/project && /home/my/virtual/bin/python ...

You can also try to log the failure from cron:

cd /home/my/project && /home/my/virtual/bin/python /home/my/project/manage.py > /tmp/cronlog.txt 2>&1

Another thing to try is to make the same change in your manage.py script at the very top:

#!/home/my/virtual/bin/python
225
9/9/2011 10:27:32 PM

Running source from a cronfile won't work as cron uses /bin/sh as its default shell, which doesn't support source. You need to set the SHELL environment variable to be /bin/bash:

SHELL=/bin/bash
*/10 * * * * root source /path/to/virtualenv/bin/activate && /path/to/build/manage.py some_command > /dev/null

It's tricky to spot why this fails as /var/log/syslog doesn't log the error details. Best to alias yourself to root so you get emailed with any cron errors. Simply add yourself to /etc/aliases and run sendmail -bi.

More info here: http://codeinthehole.com/archives/43-Running-django-cronjobs-within-a-virtualenv.html

the link above is changed to: https://codeinthehole.com/tips/running-django-cronjobs-within-a-virtualenv/


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