Find string between two substrings


Question

How do I find a string between two substrings ('123STRINGabc' -> 'STRING')?

My current method is like this:

>>> start = 'asdf=5;'
>>> end = '123jasd'
>>> s = 'asdf=5;iwantthis123jasd'
>>> print((s.split(start))[1].split(end)[0])
iwantthis

However, this seems very inefficient and un-pythonic. What is a better way to do something like this?

Forgot to mention: The string might not start and end with start and end. They may have more characters before and after.

1
193
7/30/2010 6:01:03 AM

Accepted Answer

import re

s = 'asdf=5;iwantthis123jasd'
result = re.search('asdf=5;(.*)123jasd', s)
print(result.group(1))
242
4/26/2019 3:51:46 PM

s = "123123STRINGabcabc"

def find_between( s, first, last ):
    try:
        start = s.index( first ) + len( first )
        end = s.index( last, start )
        return s[start:end]
    except ValueError:
        return ""

def find_between_r( s, first, last ):
    try:
        start = s.rindex( first ) + len( first )
        end = s.rindex( last, start )
        return s[start:end]
    except ValueError:
        return ""


print find_between( s, "123", "abc" )
print find_between_r( s, "123", "abc" )

gives:

123STRING
STRINGabc

I thought it should be noted - depending on what behavior you need, you can mix index and rindex calls or go with one of the above versions (it's equivalent of regex (.*) and (.*?) groups).


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