Using multiple arguments for string formatting in Python (e.g., '%s ... %s')


Question

I have a string that looks like '%s in %s' and I want to know how to seperate the arguments so that they are two different %s. My mind coming from Java came up with this:

'%s in %s' % unicode(self.author),  unicode(self.publication)

But this doesn't work so how does it look in Python?

1
148
8/3/2010 9:34:04 AM

Accepted Answer

Mark Cidade's answer is right - you need to supply a tuple.

However from Python 2.6 onwards you can use format instead of %:

'{0} in {1}'.format(unicode(self.author,'utf-8'),  unicode(self.publication,'utf-8'))

Usage of % for formatting strings is no longer encouraged.

This method of string formatting is the new standard in Python 3.0, and should be preferred to the % formatting described in String Formatting Operations in new code.

170
12/30/2013 9:02:22 PM

If you're using more than one argument it has to be in a tuple (note the extra parentheses):

'%s in %s' % (unicode(self.author),  unicode(self.publication))

As EOL points out, the unicode() function usually assumes ascii encoding as a default, so if you have non-ASCII characters, it's safer to explicitly pass the encoding:

'%s in %s' % (unicode(self.author,'utf-8'),  unicode(self.publication('utf-8')))

And as of Python 3.0, it's preferred to use the str.format() syntax instead:

'{0} in {1}'.format(unicode(self.author,'utf-8'),unicode(self.publication,'utf-8'))

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