How to loop backwards in python?


Question

I'm talking about doing something like:

for(i=n; i>=1; --i) {
   //do something with i
}

I can think of some ways to do so in python (creating a list of range(1,n+1) and reverse it, using while and --i, ...) but I wondered if there's a more elegant way to do it. Is there?

EDIT: Some suggested I use xrange() instead of range() since range returns a list while xrange returns an iterator. But in Python 3 (which I happen to use) range() returns an iterator and xrange doesn't exist.

1
154
8/13/2010 4:37:16 PM

Accepted Answer

range() and xrange() take a third parameter that specifies a step. So you can do the following.

range(10, 0, -1)

Which gives

[10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1] 

But for iteration, you should really be using xrange instead. So,

xrange(10, 0, -1)

Note for Python 3 users: There are no separate range and xrange functions in Python 3, there is just range, which follows the design of Python 2's xrange.

237
9/18/2018 1:44:43 AM

for x in reversed(whatever):
    do_something()

This works on basically everything that has a defined order, including xrange objects and lists.


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