I'm trying to convert an
UploadedFile to a PIL
Image object to thumbnail it, and then convert the PIL
Image object that my thumbnail function returns back into a
File object. How can I do this?
The way to do this without having to write back to the filesystem, and then bring the file back into memory via an open call, is to make use of StringIO and Django InMemoryUploadedFile. Here is a quick sample on how you might do this. This assumes that you already have a thumbnailed image named 'thumb':
import StringIO from django.core.files.uploadedfile import InMemoryUploadedFile # Create a file-like object to write thumb data (thumb data previously created # using PIL, and stored in variable 'thumb') thumb_io = StringIO.StringIO() thumb.save(thumb_io, format='JPEG') # Create a new Django file-like object to be used in models as ImageField using # InMemoryUploadedFile. If you look at the source in Django, a # SimpleUploadedFile is essentially instantiated similarly to what is shown here thumb_file = InMemoryUploadedFile(thumb_io, None, 'foo.jpg', 'image/jpeg', thumb_io.len, None) # Once you have a Django file-like object, you may assign it to your ImageField # and save. ...
Let me know if you need more clarification. I have this working in my project right now, uploading to S3 using django-storages. This took me the better part of a day to properly find the solution here.
I've had to do this in a few steps, imagejpeg() in php requires a similar process. Not to say theres no way to keep things in memory, but this method gives you a file reference to both the original image and thumb (usually a good idea in case you have to go back and change your thumb size).
class YourModel(Model): img = models.ImageField(upload_to='photos') thumb = models.ImageField(upload_to='thumbs')
#in upload code uploaded = request.FILES['photo'] from django.core.files.base import ContentFile file_content = ContentFile(uploaded.read()) new_file = YourModel() #1 - get it into the DB and file system so we know the real path new_file.img.save(str(new_file.id) + '.jpg', file_content) new_file.save() from PIL import Image import os.path #2, open it from the location django stuck it thumb = Image.open(new_file.img.path) thumb.thumbnail(100, 100) #make tmp filename based on id of the model filename = str(new_file.id) #3. save the thumbnail to a temp dir temp_image = open(os.path.join('/tmp',filename), 'w') thumb.save(temp_image, 'JPEG') #4. read the temp file back into a File from django.core.files import File thumb_data = open(os.path.join('/tmp',filename), 'r') thumb_file = File(thumb_data) new_file.thumb.save(str(new_file.id) + '.jpg', thumb_file)