How do I strip all the spaces in a python string? For example, I want a string like
strip my spaces to be turned into
stripmyspaces, but I cannot seem to accomplish that with
>>> 'strip my spaces'.strip() 'strip my spaces'
Taking advantage of str.split's behavior with no sep parameter:
>>> s = " \t foo \n bar " >>> "".join(s.split()) 'foobar'
If you just want to remove spaces instead of all whitespace:
>>> s.replace(" ", "") '\tfoo\nbar'
Even though efficiency isn't the primary goal—writing clear code is—here are some initial timings:
$ python -m timeit '"".join(" \t foo \n bar ".split())' 1000000 loops, best of 3: 1.38 usec per loop $ python -m timeit -s 'import re' 're.sub(r"\s+", "", " \t foo \n bar ")' 100000 loops, best of 3: 15.6 usec per loop
Note the regex is cached, so it's not as slow as you'd imagine. Compiling it beforehand helps some, but would only matter in practice if you call this many times:
$ python -m timeit -s 'import re; e = re.compile(r"\s+")' 'e.sub("", " \t foo \n bar ")' 100000 loops, best of 3: 7.76 usec per loop
Even though re.sub is 11.3x slower, remember your bottlenecks are assuredly elsewhere. Most programs would not notice the difference between any of these 3 choices.
>>> import re >>> re.sub(r'\s+', '', 'strip my spaces') 'stripmyspaces'
Also handles any whitespace characters that you're not thinking of (believe me, there are plenty).