Linux command-line call not returning what it should from os.system?


Question

I need to make some command line calls to linux and get the return from this, however doing it as below is just returning 0 when it should return a time value, like 00:08:19, I am testing the exact same call in regular command line and it returns the time value 00:08:19 so I am confused as to what I am doing wrong as I thought this was how to do it in python.

import os
retvalue = os.system("ps -p 2993 -o time --no-headers")
print retvalue
1
58
3/12/2018 2:37:22 PM

Accepted Answer

What gets returned is the return value of executing this command. What you see in while executing it directly is the output of the command in stdout. That 0 is returned means, there was no error in execution.

Use popen etc for capturing the output .

Some thing along this line:

import subprocess as sub
p = sub.Popen(['your command', 'arg1', 'arg2', ...],stdout=sub.PIPE,stderr=sub.PIPE)
output, errors = p.communicate()
print output

or

import os
p = os.popen('command',"r")
while 1:
    line = p.readline()
    if not line: break
    print line

ON SO : Popen and python

99
5/23/2017 12:25:45 PM

If you're only interested in the output from the process, it's easiest to use subprocess' check_output function:


output = subprocess.check_output(["command", "arg1", "arg2"]);

Then output holds the program output to stdout. Check the link above for more info.


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