IndentationError: unexpected indent error


I am new to Python and am getting this error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/local/bin/scrapy", line 4, in <module>
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 130, in execute
    _run_print_help(parser, _run_command, cmd, args, opts)
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 96, in _run_print_help
    func(*a, **kw)
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 136, in _run_command, opts)
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/commands/", line 42, in run
    q = self.crawler.queue
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 31, in crawler
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 36, in configure
    self.spiders = spman_cls.from_settings(self.settings)
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 33, in from_settings
    return cls(settings.getlist('SPIDER_MODULES'))
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/", line 23, in __init__
    for module in walk_modules(name):
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/lib/python2.6/site-packages/scrapy/utils/", line 65, in walk_modules
    submod = __import__(fullpath, {}, {}, [''])
  File "/my_crawler/empt/empt/spiders/", line 59
    check_exists_sql = "SELECT * FROM LINKS WHERE link = '%s' LIMIT 1" % item['link']
IndentationError: unexpected indent

On this bit of code:

def parse_item(self, response):
    hxs = HtmlXPathSelector(response)
    sites ='//a[contains(@href, ".mp3")]/@href').extract()
    items = [ ]

    #for site in sites:
        #link ='a/@href').extract()
        #print site
    for site in sites:
        item = EmptItem()
        item['link'] = site'a/@href').extract()

        #### DB INSERT ATTEMPT ###
        #MySQL Test

        #open db connection
        db = MySQLdb.connect("localhost","root","str0ng","TESTDB")

        #prepare a cursor object using cursor() method
        cursor = db.cursor()

        #see if any links in the DB match the crawled link
        check_exists_sql = "SELECT * FROM LINKS WHERE link = '%s' LIMIT 1" % item['link']


        if cursor.rowcount = 0:
            #prepare SQL query to insert a record into the db.
            sql = "INSERT INTO LINKS ( link ) VALUES ( '%s')" % item['link']

                #execute the sql command
                #commit your changes to the db
                #rollback on error

                #fetch a single row using fetchone() method.
                #data = cursor.fetchone()

                #print "Database version: %s " % data

            #disconnect from server

            ### end mysql

    return items​
10/13/2010 4:17:37 PM

Accepted Answer

While the indentation errors are obvious in the StackOverflow page, they may not be in your editor. You have a mix of different indentation types here, 1, 4 and 8 spaces. You should always use four spaces for indentation, as per PEP8. You should also avoid mixing tabs and spaces.

I also recommend that you try to run your script using the '-tt' command-line option to determine when you accidentally mix tabs and spaces. Of course any decent editor will be able to highlight tabs versus spaces (such as Vim's 'list' option).

5/23/2017 12:10:13 PM

The indentation is wrong, as the error tells you. As you can see, you have indented the code beginning with the indicated line too little to be in the for loop, but too much to be at the same level as the for loop. Python sees the lack of indentation as ending the for loop, then complains you have indented the rest of the code too much. (The def line I'm betting is just an artifact of how Stack Overflow wants you to format your code.)

Edit: Given your correction, I'm betting you have a mixture of tabs and spaces in the source file, such that it looks to the human eye like the code lines up, but Python considers it not to. As others have suggested, using only spaces is the recommended practice (see PEP 8). If you start Python with python -t, you will get warnings if there are mixed tabs and spaces in your code, which should help you pinpoint the issue.

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