Reduce left and right margins in matplotlib plot


Question

I'm struggling to deal with my plot margins in matplotlib. I've used the code below to produce my chart:

plt.imshow(g)
c = plt.colorbar()
c.set_label("Number of Slabs")
plt.savefig("OutputToUse.png")

However, I get an output figure with lots of white space on either side of the plot. I've searched google and read the matplotlib documentation, but I can't seem to find how to reduce this.

1
157
10/28/2010 10:57:59 AM

Accepted Answer

One way to automatically do this is the bbox_inches='tight' kwarg to plt.savefig.

E.g.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
data = np.arange(3000).reshape((100,30))
plt.imshow(data)
plt.savefig('test.png', bbox_inches='tight')

Another way is to use fig.tight_layout()

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

xs = np.linspace(0, 1, 20); ys = np.sin(xs)

fig = plt.figure()
axes = fig.add_subplot(1,1,1)
axes.plot(xs, ys)

# This should be called after all axes have been added
fig.tight_layout()
fig.savefig('test.png')
218
5/31/2019 6:44:33 PM

You can adjust the spacing around matplotlib figures using the subplots_adjust() function:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.plot(whatever)
plt.subplots_adjust(left=0.1, right=0.9, top=0.9, bottom=0.1)

This will work for both the figure on screen and saved to a file, and it is the right function to call even if you don't have multiple plots on the one figure.

The numbers are fractions of the figure dimensions, and will need to be adjusted to allow for the figure labels.


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