I would like to use Matplotlib to generate a scatter plot with a huge amount of data (about 3 million points). Actually I've 3 vectors with the same dimension and I use to plot in the following way.

```
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from numpy import *
from matplotlib import rc
import pylab
from pylab import *
fig = plt.figure()
fig.subplots_adjust(bottom=0.2)
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
plt.scatter(delta,vf,c=dS,alpha=0.7,cmap=cm.Paired)
```

Nothing special actually. But it takes too long to generate it actually (I'm working on my MacBook Pro 4 GB RAM with Python 2.7 and Matplotlib 1.0). Is there any way to improve the speed?

Unless your graphic is huge, many of those 3 million points are going to overlap. (A 400x600 image only has 240K dots...)

So the easiest thing to do would be to take a sample of say, 1000 points, from your data:

```
import random
delta_sample=random.sample(delta,1000)
```

and just plot that.

For example:

```
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.cm as cm
import numpy as np
import random
fig = plt.figure()
fig.subplots_adjust(bottom=0.2)
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
N=3*10**6
delta=np.random.normal(size=N)
vf=np.random.normal(size=N)
dS=np.random.normal(size=N)
idx=random.sample(range(N),1000)
plt.scatter(delta[idx],vf[idx],c=dS[idx],alpha=0.7,cmap=cm.Paired)
plt.show()
```

Or, if you need to pay more attention to outliers, then perhaps you could bin your data using `np.histogram`

, and then compose a `delta_sample`

which has representatives from each bin.

Unfortunately, when using `np.histogram`

I don't think there is any easy way to associate bins with individual data points. A simple, but approximate solution is to use the location of a point in or on the bin edge itself as a proxy for the points in it:

```
xedges=np.linspace(-10,10,100)
yedges=np.linspace(-10,10,100)
zedges=np.linspace(-10,10,10)
hist,edges=np.histogramdd((delta,vf,dS), (xedges,yedges,zedges))
xidx,yidx,zidx=np.where(hist>0)
plt.scatter(xedges[xidx],yedges[yidx],c=zedges[zidx],alpha=0.7,cmap=cm.Paired)
plt.show()
```

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution

Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow