I have a directory that stores all the .py files.
bin/ main.py user.py # where class User resides dir.py # where class Dir resides
I want to use classes from user.py and dir.py in main.py.
How can I import these Python classes into main.py?
Furthermore, how can I import class
User if user.py is in a sub directory?
bin/ dir.py main.py usr/ user.py
Make an empty file called
__init__.py in the same directory as the files. That will signify to Python that it's "ok to import from this directory".
Then just do...
from user import User from dir import Dir
The same holds true if the files are in a subdirectory - put an
__init__.py in the subdirectory as well, and then use regular import statements, with dot notation. For each level of directory, you need to add to the import path.
bin/ main.py classes/ user.py dir.py
So if the directory was named "classes", then you'd do this:
from classes.user import User from classes.dir import Dir
Same as previous, but prefix the module name with a
. if not using a subdirectory:
from .user import User from .dir import Dir