How to insert 'NULL' values into PostgreSQL database using Python?


Question

Is there a good practice for entering NULL key values to a PostgreSQL database when a variable is None in Python?

Running this query:

mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO products (user_id, city_id, product_id, quantity, price) VALUES (%i, %i, %i, %i, %f)' %(user_id, city_id, product_id, quantity, price))

results in a a TypeError exception when user_id is None.

How can a NULL be inserted into the database when a value is None, using the psycopg2 driver?

1
23
8/1/2017 12:25:57 AM

Accepted Answer

To insert null values to the database you have two options:

  1. omit that field from your INSERT statement, or
  2. use None

Also: To guard against SQL-injection you should not use normal string interpolation for your queries.

You should pass two (2) arguments to execute(), e.g.:

mycursor.execute("""INSERT INTO products 
                    (city_id, product_id, quantity, price) 
                    VALUES (%s, %s, %s, %s)""", 
                 (city_id, product_id, quantity, price))

Alternative #2:

user_id = None
mycursor.execute("""INSERT INTO products 
                    (user_id, city_id, product_id, quantity, price) 
                    VALUES (%s, %s, %s, %s, %s)""", 
                 (user_id, city_id, product_id, quantity, price))
42
11/20/2010 6:59:29 AM

With the current psycopg, instead of None, use a variable set to 'NULL'.

variable = 'NULL'
insert_query = """insert into my_table values(date'{}',{},{})"""
format_query = insert_query.format('9999-12-31', variable, variable)
curr.execute(format_query)
conn.commit()

>> insert into my_table values(date'9999-12-31',NULL,NULL)

Yes, I named my variable 'variable'. Big whoop, wanna fight about it?


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