How do I update a Mongo document after inserting it?


Let's say I insert the document.

post = { some dictionary }
mongo_id = mycollection.insert(post)

Now, let's say I want to add a field and update it. How do I do that? This doesn't seem to work.....

post = mycollection.find_one({"_id":mongo_id}) 
post['newfield'] = "abc"
9/22/2017 5:57:57 PM

Accepted Answer

In pymongo you can update with:
mycollection.update({'_id':mongo_id}, {"$set": post}, upsert=False)
Upsert parameter will insert instead of updating if the post is not found in the database.
Documentation is available at mongodb site.

UPDATE For version > 3 use update_one instead of update:

mycollection.update_one({'_id':mongo_id}, {"$set": post}, upsert=False)

5/19/2017 2:19:30 PM

mycollection.find_one_and_update({"_id": mongo_id}, 
                                 {"$set": {"newfield": "abc"}})

should work splendidly for you. If there is no document of id mongo_id, it will fail, unless you also use upsert=True. This returns the old document by default. To get the new one, pass return_document=ReturnDocument.AFTER. All parameters are described in the API.

The method was introduced for MongoDB 3.0. It was extended for 3.2, 3.4, and 3.6.

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