Constantly print Subprocess output while process is running


Question

To launch programs from my Python-scripts, I'm using the following method:

def execute(command):
    process = subprocess.Popen(command, shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)
    output = process.communicate()[0]
    exitCode = process.returncode

    if (exitCode == 0):
        return output
    else:
        raise ProcessException(command, exitCode, output)

So when i launch a process like Process.execute("mvn clean install"), my program waits until the the process is finished, and only then i get the complete output of my program. This is annoying if i'm running a process that takes a while to finish.

Can i let my program write the process output line by line, by polling the process output before it finishes in a loop or something?

**[EDIT] Sorry i didn't search very well before posting this question. Threading is actually the key. Found an example here which shows how to do it: ** Python Subprocess.Popen from a thread

1
163
5/23/2017 12:10:36 PM

Accepted Answer

You can use iter to process lines as soon as the command outputs them: lines = iter(fd.readline, ""). Here's a full example showing a typical use case (thanks to @jfs for helping out):

from __future__ import print_function # Only Python 2.x
import subprocess

def execute(cmd):
    popen = subprocess.Popen(cmd, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, universal_newlines=True)
    for stdout_line in iter(popen.stdout.readline, ""):
        yield stdout_line 
    popen.stdout.close()
    return_code = popen.wait()
    if return_code:
        raise subprocess.CalledProcessError(return_code, cmd)

# Example
for path in execute(["locate", "a"]):
    print(path, end="")
226
7/27/2018 10:46:13 PM

Ok i managed to solve it without threads (any suggestions why using threads would be better are appreciated) by using a snippet from this question Intercepting stdout of a subprocess while it is running

def execute(command):
    process = subprocess.Popen(command, shell=True, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT)

    # Poll process for new output until finished
    while True:
        nextline = process.stdout.readline()
        if nextline == '' and process.poll() is not None:
            break
        sys.stdout.write(nextline)
        sys.stdout.flush()

    output = process.communicate()[0]
    exitCode = process.returncode

    if (exitCode == 0):
        return output
    else:
        raise ProcessException(command, exitCode, output)

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