How do I determine the size of an object in Python?


Question

In C, we can find the size of an int, char, etc. I want to know how to get size of objects like a string, integer, etc. in Python.

Related question: How many bytes per element are there in a Python list (tuple)?

I am using an XML file which contains size fields that specify the size of value. I must parse this XML and do my coding. When I want to change the value of a particular field, I will check the size field of that value. Here I want to compare whether the new value that I'm gong to enter is of the same size as in XML. I need to check the size of new value. In case of a string I can say its the length. But in case of int, float, etc. I am confused.

1
562
5/23/2017 12:34:48 PM

Just use the sys.getsizeof function defined in the sys module.

sys.getsizeof(object[, default]):

Return the size of an object in bytes. The object can be any type of object. All built-in objects will return correct results, but this does not have to hold true for third-party extensions as it is implementation specific.

The default argument allows to define a value which will be returned if the object type does not provide means to retrieve the size and would cause a TypeError.

getsizeof calls the object’s __sizeof__ method and adds an additional garbage collector overhead if the object is managed by the garbage collector.

Usage example, in python 3.0:

>>> import sys
>>> x = 2
>>> sys.getsizeof(x)
24
>>> sys.getsizeof(sys.getsizeof)
32
>>> sys.getsizeof('this')
38
>>> sys.getsizeof('this also')
48

If you are in python < 2.6 and don't have sys.getsizeof you can use this extensive module instead. Never used it though.

553
1/31/2018 4:08:22 PM

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