How do I get user IP address in django?


Question

How do I get user's IP in django?

I have a view like this:

# Create your views
from django.contrib.gis.utils import GeoIP
from django.template import  RequestContext
from django.shortcuts import render_to_response


def home(request):
  g = GeoIP()
  client_ip = request.META['REMOTE_ADDR']
  lat,long = g.lat_lon(client_ip)
  return render_to_response('home_page_tmp.html',locals())

But I get this error:

KeyError at /mypage/
    'REMOTE_ADDR'
    Request Method: GET
    Request URL:    http://mywebsite.com/mypage/
    Django Version: 1.2.4
    Exception Type: KeyError
    Exception Value:    
    'REMOTE_ADDR'
    Exception Location: /mysite/homepage/views.py in home, line 9
    Python Executable:  /usr/bin/python
    Python Version: 2.6.6
    Python Path:    ['/mysite', '/usr/local/lib/python2.6/dist-packages/flup-1.0.2-py2.6.egg', '/usr/lib/python2.6', '/usr/lib/python2.6/plat-linux2', '/usr/lib/python2.6/lib-tk', '/usr/lib/python2.6/lib-old', '/usr/lib/python2.6/lib-dynload', '/usr/local/lib/python2.6/dist-packages', '/usr/lib/python2.6/dist-packages', '/usr/lib/pymodules/python2.6']
    Server time:    Sun, 2 Jan 2011 20:42:50 -0600
1
260
1/3/2011 2:55:05 AM

Accepted Answer

def get_client_ip(request):
    x_forwarded_for = request.META.get('HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR')
    if x_forwarded_for:
        ip = x_forwarded_for.split(',')[0]
    else:
        ip = request.META.get('REMOTE_ADDR')
    return ip

Make sure you have reverse proxy (if any) configured correctly (e.g. mod_rpaf installed for Apache).

Note: the above uses the first item in X-Forwarded-For, but you might want to use the last item (e.g., in the case of Heroku: Get client's real IP address on Heroku)

And then just pass the request as argument to it;

get_client_ip(request)
382
5/23/2017 10:31:17 AM

You can use django-ipware which supports Python 2 & 3 and handles IPv4 & IPv6.

Install:

pip install django-ipware

Simple Usage:

To get client's IP address.

# In a view or a middleware where the `request` object is available

from ipware import get_client_ip
ip, is_routable = get_client_ip(request)
if ip is None:
    # Unable to get the client's IP address
else:
    # We got the client's IP address
    if is_routable:
        # The client's IP address is publicly routable on the Internet
    else:
        # The client's IP address is private

# Order of precedence is (Public, Private, Loopback, None)

Advanced Usage:

Custom Header - Custom request header for ipware to look at

i, r = get_client_ip(request, request_header_order=['X_FORWARDED_FOR'])
i, r = get_client_ip(request, request_header_order=['X_FORWARDED_FOR', 'REMOTE_ADDR'])

Proxy Count - Django server is behind a fixed number of proxies

i, r = get_client_ip(request, proxy_count=1)

Trusted Proxies - Django server is behind one or more known & trusted proxies

i, r = get_client_ip(request, proxy_trusted_ips=('177.2.2.2'))

# For multiple proxies, simply add them to the list
i, r = get_client_ip(request, proxy_trusted_ips=('177.2.2.2', '177.3.3.3'))

# For proxies with fixed sub-domain and dynamic IP addresses, use partial pattern
i, r = get_client_ip(request, proxy_trusted_ips=('177.2.', '177.3.'))

Note: read this notice.


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