Changing the color of the axis, ticks and labels for a plot in matplotlib


Question

I'd like to Change the color of the axis, as well as ticks and value-labels for a plot I did using matplotlib an PyQt.

Any ideas?

1
73
1/21/2011 5:07:49 PM

Accepted Answer

As a quick example (using a slightly cleaner method than the potentially duplicate question):

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)

ax.plot(range(10))
ax.set_xlabel('X-axis')
ax.set_ylabel('Y-axis')

ax.spines['bottom'].set_color('red')
ax.spines['top'].set_color('red')
ax.xaxis.label.set_color('red')
ax.tick_params(axis='x', colors='red')

plt.show()

alt text

121
1/21/2011 5:44:30 PM

If you have several figures or subplots that you want to modify, it can be helpful to use the matplotlib context manager to change the color, instead of changing each one individually. The context manager allows you to temporarily change the rc parameters only for the immediately following indented code, but does not affect the global rc parameters.

This snippet yields two figures, the first one with modified colors for the axis, ticks and ticklabels, and the second one with the default rc parameters.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
with plt.rc_context({'axes.edgecolor':'orange', 'xtick.color':'red', 'ytick.color':'green', 'figure.facecolor':'white'}):
    # Temporary rc parameters in effect
    fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(1,2)
    ax1.plot(range(10))
    ax2.plot(range(10))
# Back to default rc parameters
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.plot(range(10))

enter image description here

enter image description here

You can type plt.rcParams to view all available rc parameters, and use list comprehension to search for keywords:

# Search for all parameters containing the word 'color'
[(param, value) for param, value in plt.rcParams.items() if 'color' in param]

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon