In Django, how do I check if a user is in a certain group?


Question

I created a custom group in Django's admin site.

In my code, I want to check if a user is in this group. How do I do that?

1
127
6/10/2013 11:33:28 PM

Accepted Answer

You can access the groups simply through the groups attribute on User.

from django.contrib.auth.models import User, Group

group = Group(name = "Editor")
group.save()                    # save this new group for this example
user = User.objects.get(pk = 1) # assuming, there is one initial user 
user.groups.add(group)          # user is now in the "Editor" group

then user.groups.all() returns [<Group: Editor>].

Alternatively, and more directly, you can check if a a user is in a group by:

if django_user.groups.filter(name = groupname).exists():

    ...

Note that groupname can also be the actual Django Group object.

93
7/24/2019 1:43:47 PM

Your User object is linked to the Group object through a ManyToMany relationship.

You can thereby apply the filter method to user.groups.

So, to check if a given User is in a certain group ("Member" for the example), just do this :

def is_member(user):
    return user.groups.filter(name='Member').exists()

If you want to check if a given user belongs to more than one given groups, use the __in operator like so :

def is_in_multiple_groups(user):
    return user.groups.filter(name__in=['group1', 'group2']).exists()

Note that those functions can be used with the @user_passes_test decorator to manage access to your views :

from django.contrib.auth.decorators import login_required, user_passes_test
@login_required
@user_passes_test(is_member) # or @user_passes_test(is_in_multiple_groups)
def myview(request):
    # Do your processing

Hope this help


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