# Python/matplotlib mplot3d- how do I set a maximum value for the z-axis?

### Question

I am trying to make a 3-dimensional surface plot for the expression: z = y^2/x, for x in the interval [-2,2] and y in the interval [-1.4,1.4]. I also want the z-values to range from -4 to 4.

The problem is that when I'm viewing the finished surfaceplot, the z-axis values do not stop at [-4,4].

So my question is how I can "remove" the z-axis value that range outside the intervall [-4,4] from the finished plot?

My code is:

``````from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.gca(projection="3d")

x = np.arange(-2.0,2.0,0.1,float)       # x in interval [-2,2]
y = np.arange(-1.4,1.4,0.1,float)       # y in interval [-1.4,1.4]
x,y = np.meshgrid(x,y)
z = (y**2/x)                            # z = y^2/x

ax.plot_surface(x, y, z,rstride=1, cstride=1, linewidth=0.25)

ax.set_zlim3d(-4, 4)                    # viewrange for z-axis should be [-4,4]
ax.set_ylim3d(-2, 2)                    # viewrange for y-axis should be [-2,2]
ax.set_xlim3d(-2, 2)                    # viewrange for x-axis should be [-2,2]
plt.show()
``````
1
15
2/6/2011 12:34:32 PM

I am having the same issue and still have not found anything better than clipping my data. Unfortunately in my case I am tied to matplotlib 1.2.1. But in case you can upgrade to version 1.3.0 you could have a solution: it seems there is a bunch of new API related to axes ranges. In particular, you may be interested by the "set_zlim".

Edit 1: Manage to migrate my environnement to use matplotlib 1.3.0; set_zlim worked like a charm :)

The follwing code worked for me (By the way I am running this on OSX, I am not sure this has an impact?):

``````# ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Make a 3d plot according to data passed as arguments
def Plot3DMap( self, LabelX, XRange, LabelY, YRange, LabelZ, data3d ) :
fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot( 111, projection="3d" )
xs, ys =  np.meshgrid( XRange, YRange )
surf = ax.plot_surface( xs, ys, data3d )
ax.set_xlabel( LabelX )
ax.set_ylabel( LabelY )
ax.set_zlabel( LabelZ )
ax.set_zlim(0, 100)
plt.show()
``````
14
9/10/2014 2:25:52 PM