matching unicode characters in python regular expressions


Question

I have read thru the other questions at Stackoverflow, but still no closer. Sorry, if this is allready answered, but I didn`t get anything proposed there to work.

>>> import re
>>> m = re.match(r'^/by_tag/(?P<tag>\w+)/(?P<filename>(\w|[.,!#%{}()@])+)$', '/by_tag/xmas/xmas1.jpg')
>>> print m.groupdict()
{'tag': 'xmas', 'filename': 'xmas1.jpg'}

All is well, then I try something with Norwegian characters in it ( or something more unicode-like ):

>>> m = re.match(r'^/by_tag/(?P<tag>\w+)/(?P<filename>(\w|[.,!#%{}()@])+)$', '/by_tag/påske/øyfjell.jpg')
>>> print m.groupdict()
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "<interactive input>", line 1, in <module>
AttributeError: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'groupdict'

How can I match typical unicode characters, like øæå? I`d like to be able to match those characters as well, in both the tag-group above and the one for filename.

1
26
3/29/2012 6:58:10 PM

Accepted Answer

You need to specify the re.UNICODE flag, and input your string as a Unicode string by using the u prefix:

>>> re.match(r'^/by_tag/(?P<tag>\w+)/(?P<filename>(\w|[.,!#%{}()@])+)$', u'/by_tag/påske/øyfjell.jpg', re.UNICODE).groupdict()
{'tag': u'p\xe5ske', 'filename': u'\xf8yfjell.jpg'}

This is in Python 2; in Python 3 you must leave out the u because all strings are Unicode.

45
2/17/2011 12:18:18 PM

You need the UNICODE flag:

m = re.match(r'^/by_tag/(?P<tag>\w+)/(?P<filename>(\w|[.,!#%{}()@])+)$', '/by_tag/påske/øyfjell.jpg', re.UNICODE)

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