libxml install error using pip


Question

This is my error:

(mysite)zjm1126@zjm1126-G41MT-S2:~/zjm_test/mysite$ pip install lxml
Downloading/unpacking lxml
  Running setup.py egg_info for package lxml
    Building lxml version 2.3.
    Building without Cython.
    ERROR: /bin/sh: xslt-config: not found

    ** make sure the development packages of libxml2 and libxslt are installed **

    Using build configuration of libxslt
Installing collected packages: lxml
  Running setup.py install for lxml
    Building lxml version 2.3.
    Building without Cython.
    ERROR: /bin/sh: xslt-config: not found

    ** make sure the development packages of libxml2 and libxslt are installed **

    Using build configuration of libxslt
    building 'lxml.etree' extension
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c src/lxml/lxml.etree.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/src/lxml/lxml.etree.o -w
    src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:4: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    Complete output from command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/lxml/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-jOhgvD-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6:
    Building lxml version 2.3.

Building without Cython.

ERROR: /bin/sh: xslt-config: not found



** make sure the development packages of libxml2 and libxslt are installed **



Using build configuration of libxslt

running install

running build

running build_py

running build_ext

building 'lxml.etree' extension

gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c src/lxml/lxml.etree.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/src/lxml/lxml.etree.o -w

src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:4: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录

compilation terminated.

error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/lxml/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-jOhgvD-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6 failed with error code 1
Storing complete log in /home/zjm1126/.pip/pip.log

What can I do?

updated:

(mysite)zjm1126@zjm1126-G41MT-S2:~/zjm_test/mysite$ pip install lxml
Downloading/unpacking lxml
  Running setup.py egg_info for package lxml
    Building lxml version 2.3.
    Building without Cython.
    Using build configuration of libxslt 1.1.26
    Building against libxml2/libxslt in the following directory: /usr/lib
Installing collected packages: lxml
  Running setup.py install for lxml
    Building lxml version 2.3.
    Building without Cython.
    Using build configuration of libxslt 1.1.26
    Building against libxml2/libxslt in the following directory: /usr/lib
    building 'lxml.etree' extension
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/usr/include/libxml2 -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c src/lxml/lxml.etree.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/src/lxml/lxml.etree.o -w
    src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:4: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    Complete output from command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/lxml/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-NJw2ws-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6:
    Building lxml version 2.3.

Building without Cython.

Using build configuration of libxslt 1.1.26

Building against libxml2/libxslt in the following directory: /usr/lib

running install

running build

running build_py

running build_ext

building 'lxml.etree' extension

gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/usr/include/libxml2 -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c src/lxml/lxml.etree.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/src/lxml/lxml.etree.o -w

src/lxml/lxml.etree.c:4: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录

compilation terminated.

error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/lxml/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-NJw2ws-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6 failed with error code 1
Storing complete log in /home/zjm1126/.pip/pip.log

the log:

------------------------------------------------------------
/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/pip run on Thu Mar  3 17:07:27 2011
Downloading/unpacking mysql-python
  Running setup.py egg_info for package mysql-python
    running egg_info
    creating pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info
    writing pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/PKG-INFO
    writing top-level names to pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/top_level.txt
    writing dependency_links to pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
    writing pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/PKG-INFO
    writing top-level names to pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/top_level.txt
    writing dependency_links to pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
    writing manifest file 'pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
    warning: manifest_maker: standard file '-c' not found
    reading manifest file 'pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
    reading manifest template 'MANIFEST.in'
    warning: no files found matching 'MANIFEST'
    warning: no files found matching 'ChangeLog'
    warning: no files found matching 'GPL'
    writing manifest file 'pip-egg-info/MySQL_python.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
Installing collected packages: mysql-python
  Running setup.py install for mysql-python
    Running command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/mysql-python/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-XuVIux-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6
    copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6
    creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb
    creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants
    running build_ext
    building '_mysql' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-i686-2.6
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -Dversion_info=(1,2,3,'final',0) -D__version__=1.2.3 -I/usr/include/mysql -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/_mysql.o -DBIG_JOINS=1 -fno-strict-aliasing -DUNIV_LINUX -DUNIV_LINUX
    In file included from _mysql.c:29:
    pymemcompat.h:10: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    Complete output from command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/mysql-python/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-XuVIux-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6:
    running install

running build

running build_py

creating build

creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6

copying _mysql_exceptions.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6

creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/converters.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/connections.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/cursors.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/release.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

copying MySQLdb/times.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb

creating build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/CR.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/FIELD_TYPE.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/ER.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/FLAG.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/REFRESH.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

copying MySQLdb/constants/CLIENT.py -> build/lib.linux-i686-2.6/MySQLdb/constants

running build_ext

building '_mysql' extension

creating build/temp.linux-i686-2.6

gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -Dversion_info=(1,2,3,'final',0) -D__version__=1.2.3 -I/usr/include/mysql -I/usr/include/python2.6 -c _mysql.c -o build/temp.linux-i686-2.6/_mysql.o -DBIG_JOINS=1 -fno-strict-aliasing -DUNIV_LINUX -DUNIV_LINUX

In file included from _mysql.c:29:

pymemcompat.h:10: fatal error: Python.h: 没有那个文件或目录

compilation terminated.

error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/mysql-python/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-XuVIux-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6 failed with error code 1
Exception information:
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pip-0.8.1-py2.6.egg/pip/basecommand.py", line 130, in main
    self.run(options, args)
  File "/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pip-0.8.1-py2.6.egg/pip/commands/install.py", line 228, in run
    requirement_set.install(install_options, global_options)
  File "/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pip-0.8.1-py2.6.egg/pip/req.py", line 1043, in install
    requirement.install(install_options, global_options)
  File "/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pip-0.8.1-py2.6.egg/pip/req.py", line 559, in install
    cwd=self.source_dir, filter_stdout=self._filter_install, show_stdout=False)
  File "/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/lib/python2.6/site-packages/pip-0.8.1-py2.6.egg/pip/__init__.py", line 249, in call_subprocess
    % (command_desc, proc.returncode))
InstallationError: Command /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/build/mysql-python/setup.py';execfile(__file__)" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-XuVIux-record/install-record.txt --install-headers /home/zjm1126/zjm_test/mysite/include/site/python2.6 failed with error code 1
1
259
7/2/2018 3:12:15 AM

** make sure the development packages of libxml2 and libxslt are installed **

From the lxml documentation, assuming you are running a Debian-based distribution :

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev libxslt-dev python-dev

For Debian based systems, it should be enough to install the known build dependencies of python-lxml or python3-lxml, e.g.

sudo apt-get build-dep python3-lxml
466
4/29/2019 3:17:07 PM

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