matplotlib - extracting data from contour lines


Question

I would like to get data from a single contour of evenly spaced 2D data (an image-like data).

Based on the example found in a similar question: How can I get the (x,y) values of the line that is ploted by a contour plot (matplotlib)?

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> x = [1,2,3,4]
>>> y = [1,2,3,4]
>>> m = [[15,14,13,12],[14,12,10,8],[13,10,7,4],[12,8,4,0]]
>>> cs = plt.contour(x,y,m, [9.5])
>>> cs.collections[0].get_paths()

The result of this call into cs.collections[0].get_paths() is:

[Path([[ 4.          1.625     ]
 [ 3.25        2.        ]
 [ 3.          2.16666667]
 [ 2.16666667  3.        ]
 [ 2.          3.25      ]
 [ 1.625       4.        ]], None)]

Based on the plots, this result makes sense and appears to be collection of (y,x) pairs for the contour line.

Other than manually looping over this return value, extracting the coordinates and assembling arrays for the line, are there better ways to get data back from a matplotlib.path object? Are there pitfalls to be aware of when extracting data from a matplotlib.path?

Alternatively, are there alternatives within matplotlib or better yet numpy/scipy to do a similar thing? Ideal thing would be to get a high resolution vector of (x,y) pairs describing the line, which could be used for further analysis, as in general my datasets are not a small or simple as the example above.

1
47
5/23/2017 12:34:24 PM

Accepted Answer

For a given path, you can get the points like this:

p = cs.collections[0].get_paths()[0]
v = p.vertices
x = v[:,0]
y = v[:,1]
45
4/14/2011 6:34:04 PM

from: http://matplotlib.org/api/path_api.html#module-matplotlib.path

Users of Path objects should not access the vertices and codes arrays directly. Instead, they should use iter_segments() to get the vertex/code pairs. This is important, since many Path objects, as an optimization, do not store a codes at all, but have a default one provided for them by iter_segments().

Otherwise, I'm not really sure what your question is. [Zip] is a sometimes useful built in function when working with coordinates. 1


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