Does Flask support regular expressions in its URL routing?


Question

I understand that Flask has the int, float and path converters, but the application we're developing has more complex patterns in its URLs.

Is there a way we can use regular expressions, as in Django?

1
93
5/3/2011 1:28:02 PM

Accepted Answer

Even though Armin beat me to the punch with an accepted answer I thought I'd show an abbreviated example of how I implemented a regex matcher in Flask just in case anyone wants a working example of how this could be done.

from flask import Flask
from werkzeug.routing import BaseConverter

app = Flask(__name__)

class RegexConverter(BaseConverter):
    def __init__(self, url_map, *items):
        super(RegexConverter, self).__init__(url_map)
        self.regex = items[0]


app.url_map.converters['regex'] = RegexConverter

@app.route('/<regex("[abcABC0-9]{4,6}"):uid>-<slug>/')
def example(uid, slug):
    return "uid: %s, slug: %s" % (uid, slug)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run(debug=True, host='0.0.0.0', port=5000)

this URL should return with 200: http://localhost:5000/abc0-foo/

this URL should will return with 404: http://localhost:5000/abcd-foo/

181
5/3/2011 4:52:45 PM

You can hook in custom converters that match for arbitrary expressions: Custom Converter

from random import randrange
from werkzeug.routing import Rule, Map, BaseConverter, ValidationError

class BooleanConverter(BaseConverter):

    def __init__(self, url_map, randomify=False):
        super(BooleanConverter, self).__init__(url_map)
        self.randomify = randomify
        self.regex = '(?:yes|no|maybe)'

    def to_python(self, value):
        if value == 'maybe':
            if self.randomify:
                return not randrange(2)
            raise ValidationError()
        return value == 'yes'

    def to_url(self, value):
        return value and 'yes' or 'no'

url_map = Map([
    Rule('/vote/<bool:werkzeug_rocks>', endpoint='vote'),
    Rule('/vote/<bool(randomify=True):foo>', endpoint='foo')
], converters={'bool': BooleanConverter})

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