Creating a dictionary from a csv file?


Question

I am trying to create a dictionary from a csv file. The first column of the csv file contains unique keys and the second column contains values. Each row of the csv file represents a unique key, value pair within the dictionary. I tried to use the csv.DictReader and csv.DictWriter classes, but I could only figure out how to generate a new dictionary for each row. I want one dictionary. Here is the code I am trying to use:

import csv

with open('coors.csv', mode='r') as infile:
    reader = csv.reader(infile)
    with open('coors_new.csv', mode='w') as outfile:
    writer = csv.writer(outfile)
    for rows in reader:
        k = rows[0]
        v = rows[1]
        mydict = {k:v for k, v in rows}
    print(mydict)

When I run the above code I get a ValueError: too many values to unpack (expected 2). How do I create one dictionary from a csv file? Thanks.

1
119
6/16/2015 12:50:00 PM

Accepted Answer

I believe the syntax you were looking for is as follows:

with open('coors.csv', mode='r') as infile:
    reader = csv.reader(infile)
    with open('coors_new.csv', mode='w') as outfile:
        writer = csv.writer(outfile)
        mydict = {rows[0]:rows[1] for rows in reader}

Alternately, for python <= 2.7.1, you want:

mydict = dict((rows[0],rows[1]) for rows in reader)
128
7/19/2011 12:16:44 AM

Open the file by calling open and then csv.DictReader.

input_file = csv.DictReader(open("coors.csv"))

You may iterate over the rows of the csv file dict reader object by iterating over input_file.

for row in input_file:
    print row

OR To access first line only

dictobj = csv.DictReader(open('coors.csv')).next() 

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