Django - how to create a file and save it to a model's FileField?


Question

Here's my model. What I want to do is generate a new file and overwrite the existing one whenever a model instance is saved:

class Kitten(models.Model):
    claw_size = ...
    license_file = models.FileField(blank=True, upload_to='license')

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        #Generate a new license file overwriting any previous version
        #and update file path
        self.license_file = ???
        super(Request,self).save(*args, **kwargs)

I see lots of documentation about how to upload a file. But how do I generate a file, assign it to a model field and have Django store it in the right place?

1
90
9/22/2011 12:49:24 PM

Accepted Answer

You want to have a look at FileField and FieldFile in the Django docs, and especially FieldFile.save().

Basically, a field declared as a FileField, when accessed, gives you an instance of class FieldFile, which gives you several methods to interact with the underlying file. So, what you need to do is:

self.license_file.save(new_name, new_contents)

where new_name is the filename you wish assigned and new_contents is the content of the file. Note that new_contents must be an instance of either django.core.files.File or django.core.files.base.ContentFile (see given links to manual for the details). The two choices boil down to:

# Using File
f = open('/path/to/file')
self.license_file.save(new_name, File(f))
# Using ContentFile
self.license_file.save(new_name, ContentFile('A string with the file content'))
134
4/3/2018 12:20:53 PM

Accepted answer is certainly a good solution, but here is the way I went about generating a CSV and serving it from a view.

#Model
class MonthEnd(models.Model):
    report = models.FileField(db_index=True, upload_to='not_used')

import csv
from os.path import join

#build and store the file
def write_csv():
    path = join(settings.MEDIA_ROOT, 'files', 'month_end', 'report.csv')
    f = open(path, "w+b")

    #wipe the existing content
    f.truncate()

    csv_writer = csv.writer(f)
    csv_writer.writerow(('col1'))

    for num in range(3):
        csv_writer.writerow((num, ))

    month_end_file = MonthEnd()
    month_end_file.report.name = path
    month_end_file.save()

from my_app.models import MonthEnd

#serve it up as a download
def get_report(request):
    month_end = MonthEnd.objects.get(file_criteria=criteria)

    response = HttpResponse(month_end.report, content_type='text/plain')
    response['Content-Disposition'] = 'attachment; filename=report.csv'

    return response

Thought it was worth while putting this here as it took me a little bit of fiddling to get all the desirable behaviour (overwrite existing file, storing to the right spot, not creating duplicate files etc).

Django 1.4.1

Python 2.7.3


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