How do I convert a Django QuerySet into list of dicts?


Question

How can I convert a Django QuerySet into a list of dicts? I haven't found an answer to this so I'm wondering if I'm missing some sort of common helper function that everyone uses.

1
95
7/16/2015 8:08:18 AM

Accepted Answer

Use the .values() method:

>>> Blog.objects.values()
[{'id': 1, 'name': 'Beatles Blog', 'tagline': 'All the latest Beatles news.'}],
>>> Blog.objects.values('id', 'name')
[{'id': 1, 'name': 'Beatles Blog'}]

Note: the result is a QuerySet which mostly behaves like a list, but isn't actually an instance of list. Use list(Blog.objects.values(…)) if you really need an instance of list.

130
1/27/2017 12:22:26 AM

The .values() method will return you a result of type ValuesQuerySet which is typically what you need in most cases.

But if you wish, you could turn ValuesQuerySet into a native Python list using Python list comprehension as illustrated in the example below.

result = Blog.objects.values()             # return ValuesQuerySet object
list_result = [entry for entry in result]  # converts ValuesQuerySet into Python list
return list_result

I find the above helps if you are writing unit tests and need to assert that the expected return value of a function matches the actual return value, in which case both expected_result and actual_result must be of the same type (e.g. dictionary).

actual_result = some_function()
expected_result = {
    # dictionary content here ...
}
assert expected_result == actual_result

Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon