Can't subtract offset-naive and offset-aware datetimes


Question

I have a timezone aware timestamptz field in PostgreSQL. When I pull data from the table, I then want to subtract the time right now so I can get it's age.

The problem I'm having is that both datetime.datetime.now() and datetime.datetime.utcnow() seem to return timezone unaware timestamps, which results in me getting this error:

TypeError: can't subtract offset-naive and offset-aware datetimes 

Is there a way to avoid this (preferably without a third-party module being used).

EDIT: Thanks for the suggestions, however trying to adjust the timezone seems to give me errors.. so I'm just going to use timezone unaware timestamps in PG and always insert using:

NOW() AT TIME ZONE 'UTC'

That way all my timestamps are UTC by default (even though it's more annoying to do this).

1
249
5/19/2017 8:34:19 PM

Accepted Answer

have you tried to remove the timezone awareness?

from http://pytz.sourceforge.net/

naive = dt.replace(tzinfo=None)

may have to add time zone conversion as well.

edit: Please be aware the age of this answer. A Python 3 answer is below.

267
10/19/2017 1:49:08 PM

The correct solution is to add the timezone info e.g., to get the current time as an aware datetime object in Python 3:

from datetime import datetime, timezone

now = datetime.now(timezone.utc)

On older Python versions, you could define the utc tzinfo object yourself (example from datetime docs):

from datetime import tzinfo, timedelta, datetime

ZERO = timedelta(0)

class UTC(tzinfo):
  def utcoffset(self, dt):
    return ZERO
  def tzname(self, dt):
    return "UTC"
  def dst(self, dt):
    return ZERO

utc = UTC()

then:

now = datetime.now(utc)

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