Changing user agent on urllib2.urlopen


Question

How can I download a webpage with a user agent other than the default one on urllib2.urlopen?

1
96
4/29/2009 12:32:36 PM

Accepted Answer

Setting the User-Agent from everyone's favorite Dive Into Python.

The short story: You can use Request.add_header to do this.

You can also pass the headers as a dictionary when creating the Request itself, as the docs note:

headers should be a dictionary, and will be treated as if add_header() was called with each key and value as arguments. This is often used to “spoof” the User-Agent header, which is used by a browser to identify itself – some HTTP servers only allow requests coming from common browsers as opposed to scripts. For example, Mozilla Firefox may identify itself as "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686) Gecko/20071127 Firefox/2.0.0.11", while urllib2‘s default user agent string is "Python-urllib/2.6" (on Python 2.6).

58
6/17/2014 3:43:18 PM

I answered a similar question a couple weeks ago.

There is example code in that question, but basically you can do something like this: (Note the capitalization of User-Agent as of RFC 2616, section 14.43.)

opener = urllib2.build_opener()
opener.addheaders = [('User-Agent', 'Mozilla/5.0')]
response = opener.open('http://www.stackoverflow.com')

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